The Argyle Patent
Laughlin Campbell brings Scottish Immigrants to America
1738, 1739, 1740
John Campbell (1715-1764), 6th Great-grandfather of James Alan Campbell
was living in nearby New Jersey when Laughlin brought his immigrants from Scotland to America.
Campbell Tree #1
Laughlin Campbell, a native of Isla, which forms part of Argyleshire, in Scotland, had received encouragement from the Provincial authorities of New York, that if he would procure the immigration to the province of a number of families from Scotland, those brought over by him should receive a grant of lands free of expense sufficient to enable them to obtain a support. The object of the government of New York, in this matter, was to procure the settlement of that portion of this county lying south of what is now Whitehall, and on the borders of Wood creek, and form a barrier against French and Indian invasion from Canada by way of Lake Champlain.
In pursuance of this encouragement, Campbell procured the immigration in 1738, of a colony from Argyllshire consisting of 33 families and 49 single persons, making in all 177 persons. In 1739, he in like manner, procured an immigration of 42 families and 24 single persons, making in all 193 persons. And in 1740, he obtained 15 families and 46 single persons in addition, making together 100 persons.
The immigration having been obtained, all solicitude on the part of the provincial authorities to fulfill the promises made to Campbell in their behalf wholly ceased, and no grant of lands for their settlement was made and they were left to take care of themselves as best they could. The colonists thus introduced, suffered great hardships for many years, and this seems to have finally shamed those having control to make the grant of lands as originally promised. In the meantime, the lands about Whitehall and Wood Creek had been granted to others, and were included in the Skenesborough and Artillery patents, and could not, therefore, be granted to the Scotch settlers.
The lands in the Argyle patent were therefore granted in their place. Thus, after the lapse of over twenty years, the settlers, or their descendants, who came over under the offers made to Laughlin Campbell, received a grant of those lands in part fulfillment of the original promises made to him. This grant was made by the Governor and Council of the Province of New York, by patent to Alexander McNaughton and others, in trust, to be allotted among those settlers and their descendants. The patent was issued in the usual form of such grants and in the same form and manner as Skenesborough and other patents located in this section were issued. "This much for the story of the Duke of Argyle granting or receiving a grant of the patent. The name of Argyle was given because the settlers were all from the Shire of Argyle in Scotland.
The Argyle Patent as mapped by Archibald Campbell.